White Hall-Clermont Foundation
White Hall State Historic Site
White Hall State Historic Site
Gout Stool

SPOTLIGHT ON AN ARTIFACT: 

Gout Stools

Guests who visit White Hall often comment on this unusual piece of furniture. Cassius M. Clay suffered severely from gout and used this stool to relieve the pressure. Gout is a type of arthritis that affects the joints, most of the time in an individual’s legs and feet, which makes walking very difficult and painful for the afflicted.

Cassius Gout Stool02

The condition is caused by uric acid, a waste product made by the body Normally uric acid is flushed out of the body through the kidneys and urine. When an individual has too much of this waste product the acid produces crystals that typically deposit in the joints. Such deposits cause inflammation resulting in swelling, tenderness and pain in the affected area. 

In his later years Cassius M. Clay had his bedroom placed in the Library on the first floor of White Hall so that he would not have to manage the steps.  Although plagued with gout, Cassius was still capable of defending himself. One evening he fought off three intruders, killing two of them at the ripe old age of 89!

Other famous individuals afflicted with gout include Samuel Johnson, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Milton, who died as a result of complications from the condition and reportedly once told a friend that if he did not have gout pain his blindness would be bearable. 

For additional information:

Gout: The Patricians Malady

Roy Porter and G. S. Rousseau, authors

Gout Illustrationa02
Cassius Gout Stool Back
Gout Stool
Gout Stool

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White Hall State Historic Site
500 White Hall Shrine Road     Richmond, KY 40475-9159
Telephone: 859-623-9178               Fax 859-626-8489

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